The Company’s environmental protection (EP) goals are set out in the Corporate Social Responsibility and Charity Policy. In line with the Policy, overall development strategy and production process, each of the Company’s enterprises has its own environmental policy setting out its EP priorities.
The Company’s enterprises focus on the following key areas in their environmental protection efforts:
- Emissions management
- Sustainable water use
- Sustainable waste treatment
- Energy efficiency improvement
Metalloinvest’s enterprises are guided by the requirements of Russian and international standards for environmental management systems. The Company carries out ongoing environmental monitoring as part of its industrial environmental control and regularly upgrades equipment at its laboratories to maintain the quality and accuracy of measurements. Metalloinvest’s enterprises confirm their compliance with the ISO 14001 international standard on a regular basis.
Integrated Management System for Environmental Protection
Total expenditure and investments in environmental protection, RUB million
Environmental training in 2016, people
Environmental protection initiatives
Atmospheric emissions from stationary sources, ‘000 tonnes
The Company’s production facilities monitor and control atmospheric emissions and undertake initiatives to reduce pollution, including dust pollution. They also upgrade and refit equipment.
Mikhailovsky GOK completed the following key projects:
- Construction of tailings containments
- Commissioning of a water-recycling system for the crushing and sorting plant
As a result of the environmental initiatives undertaken, the pollution content in the air, sewage and soil at the border of the sanitary protection zone, in waste disposal areas and on industrial sites is within the limits of sanitary and hygienic standards.
Lebedinsky GOK continued its efforts to improve its environmental management system aimed at ensuring environmental safety. In November 2016, specialists of the Interregional Centre for Environmental Audit and Consulting, a certification agency in Moscow, inspected the environmental management system at Lebedinsky GOK and confirmed its compliance with GOST R ISO 14001-2007 and MS ISO 14001:2015. This is an indicator of the plant’s guaranteed compliance with both Russian and international standards applicable to natural resource users, as well as with the Company’s environmental policy.
To reduce pollutant emissions, OEMK invested in the upgrade of its gas purification facility for EAF #1–4 at the electric arc furnace shop. In Q1 2016, the second gas purification facility was commissioned at EAF #1 and EAF #2.
Every year, Ural Steel takes the necessary measures to prevent excessive pollutant emissions by carrying out current and capital repairs to environmental protection equipment.
In addition, as part of the dust reduction programme at its mining and processing plants, the Company carries out works to biologically recultivate used land.
Sustainable waste treatment
Waste treatment methods in 2016, %
A large amount of industrial waste comes from iron ore production and processing: waste rock, overburden, tailings, sludge, ash and slag, non-contaminated materials, slag from steelmaking and blast furnace operations, iron sludge.
In accordance with the regulatory requirements on minimising environmental impact, the waste from mining and processing operations is treated at the Company’s plants or stored at the Company’s landfill sites. Other waste, primarily from steel production, is transferred to dedicated contractors for further treatment.
In 2016, Ural Steel had its licence renewed for the collection, transportation, treatment, recycling and disposal of waste in hazard classes 1–4. A new industrial waste landfill site was included in the State Register of Waste Disposal Sites, with the waste disposal limits set out for the landfill.
Total waste generation and treatment in 2014–2016, million tonnes
Energy consumption and energy efficiency improvement
Electricity consumption in 2014–2016, GWh
The Company’s enterprises mostly use natural gas as fuel, which, while burning, produces the least negative impact on the environment. The Company also consumes fuel oil, coking coal, diesel fuel and electricity.
Ural Steel has its own thermal power plant (TPP) covering more than 50% of the enterprise’s energy needs. In addition to power and heat (steam and hot water) for Ural Steel, the TPP provides heating for housing in nearby Novotroitsk to supplement public utilities. Ural Steel’s capacities guarantee the energy security of the enterprise, ensure the efficient use of available energy resources and associated gases from steel production, and help to reduce emissions.